Plants that live in the arctic

Tundra Biome

plants that live in the arctic

Exploring the Arctic for Kids: Arctic Animals and Climates for Children - FreeSchool

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The Arctic tundra has a reputation for being cold and inhospitable and it's true that for much of the year, this is a land of wind-driven snow and drifting ice. But a number of animal species and Arctic plants have adapted to not just survive but thrive here, with more migrating to take advantage of the brief but glorious Arctic summer, six to eight weeks of endless sunlight, growth and bounty. The most famous mammal of the Arctic is, without a doubt, the massive white polar bear. The polar bear is often credited as the largest land predator in the world, but you might be surprised to hear that it's actually a marine mammal. That's because although pregnant females birth their cubs on land, in dens dug out of snowdrifts, polar bears otherwise spend most of their lives on Arctic sea ice. That's where they hunt for their favorite food, seals. As Arctic sea ice shrinks and recedes from land, polar bears are spending more time on the coast.

Around the third week of December, the most outer region of the Arctic Circle receives barely two and half hours of sunlight and only six hours as January ends. The mid-arctic has no sun for three months starting the end of October, and right at the North Pole, there is no sun for six months starting the last week of September. For plants, which rely on sunlight for photosynthesis, this becomes an extremely harsh environment; however, the freezing arctic ocean adds to the difficulty of survival of arctic plants, leaving only a few that can overcome the obstacles. Plankton are an aggregate of animals, as well as some plants. They normally drift in large groups both in salt and fresh water. Phytoplankton is the photosynthetic, or plant version, of plankton.

Did you know that the Arctic Tundra is the world's youngest biome? It was formed 10, years ago.
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Nunavut Tourism. The Arctic has some of the most beautiful flowers, hidden in plain sight, on the tundra. They may be small, but sure do make up for their size in colour, beauty and striking contrast to the often bare high-arctic tundra. Every summer, these small colourful plants come out from underneath the winter snow and bloom with the arrival of the Arctic summer sun. Some bloom for just a few days! Here are just a few of the flowers on Somerset Island, along the Northwest Passage, and within the vicinity of Arctic Watch. Tufted Saxifrage: this beautiful high arctic flower is commonly found throughout the Canadian, Russian, and Lapland Arctic.

Arctic plants

Bearberry is low growing evergreen. It has fine, silky hairs that keep it warm and leathery leaves that help it survive in the cold Arctic tundra. Search this site.


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4 thoughts on “Plants that live in the arctic

  1. However, the plant kingdom also includes mosses, liverworts, and hornworts, simpler plants that lack these water-transporting structures.

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