- Before the Europeans came
- History of the Arawak Amerindians, Taino religion technology and culture.
- Island Caribs
- The People Before Columbus
Before the Europeans came
The Caribsand how you you
About this site Feedback Site map. The history of the Caribbean did not begin in when Christopher Columbus landed in the Bahamas. The islands were already inhabited by the Ciboney, Arawak and Carib peoples from mainland America. The Ciboney were a food-gathering and hunting people who may have migrated from Florida in southern North America. They moved in to the islands of Cuba and Hispaniola now Haiti and the Dominican Republic at least 5, years ago.
Trinicenter Home. Who were those Indians from the Lesser Antilles, the ferocious ones with the infamous appetite for barbecued human flesh? Whoever they were they certainly created a greater impact on the European imagination than the so called Arawaks. They first entered the picture as a rumor Columbus had heard from the Taino. And, after all, the caniba could be "nothing else than the people of the Great Khan, who must be very close by. As much as a century later 'Carib' was still sometimes used as an adjective to describe different tribes.
The island of St. Vincent has a mixed population of blacks, Orientals, whites and Caribs. Before the coming of the Europeans and the other races that followed such as the blacks and the Orientals, St. Vincent was settled by Caribs who exists today on the Windward coast of St. Vincent from Sandy Bay to Fancy and at Greiggs see fig 1. The island today has very few pure Caribs, most of them have interbred with the blacks and are now called black Caribs due to the colour of their skin. This document describes the life of the Caribs before the Europeans arrived, the struggle to regain their lost land that had been taken away by the Europeans in addition to the life of the Caribs has it is placed in today's scenario.
Island Caribs , also known as the Kalinago  or simply Caribs , are an indigenous people of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean. At the time of Spanish contact , the Kalinagos were one of the dominant groups in the Caribbean, which owes its name to them. Historically, it was thought their ancestors were mainland Caribs, known as the Igneri. The Igneri had conquered the islands from their previous inhabitants. However, linguistic and archaeological evidence disputes the notion of a mass emigration and conquest; the Island Carib language appears not to have been Cariban , but Arawakan. Irving Rouse and others suggest that a smaller group of mainland Caribs conquered the islands without displacing their inhabitants, eventually adopting the local language but retaining their traditions of a South American origin. In the early colonial period, the Caribs had a reputation as warriors who raided neighboring islands.
History of the Arawak Amerindians, Taino religion technology and culture.
????THE HISTORY OF TRINIDAD: COLONIALISM TO KWAME TURE (AKA STOKELY CARMICHAEL)
This, the first book on the Santa Rosa Carib Community of Arima, Trinidad, is based on four years of ethnographic and archival research. I plunged into the darkness, feeling my way down a track that leads to the Atlantic shore. The muted glow of a kerosene lamp in the open window of a board house spurred me on down through the trees. Further down I fumbled on the dim outline of another board house. Silhouetted in the window were two old heads. One motioned me to the back of the house. I called at the open doorway and from the interior gloom emerged Jacob Frederick.
Despite their peacefull nature, they did not passively accept Spanish depradations. Repent and go to heaven, they told him as they lit the fire. If there are Spaniards in heaven I would rather go to hell, he replied. Hatuey was not the only defiant one. The Arawaks were a very gentle culture, they preferred negotiation and commercial exchange to war. Their society was characterized by happiness, friendliness and a highly organized hierarchical, paternal society, and a lack of guile.
The People Before Columbus
The story of the Arawaks , the Caribs and the Spaniards is well known to every Caribbean child. We all, from the least educated to the most widely read, assume that there were, before the Europeans landed on these islands, a peaceful and gentle tribe of Amerindians called the Arawaks who inhabited the Caribbean archipelago. So generous and defenceless were they that they embraced the Spaniards and provided every comfort for them, and were repaid by being mercilessly slaughtered; so that within a few decades not one Arawak was alive. Another tribe the story goes , a ferocious one called the Carib s, kept pouncing on the Arawaks and putting them to an even more horrible end than the Spaniards. These Caribs were supposed to be eaters of human flesh. Following hard on the heels of the Arawaks , they had eaten their way up the Caribbean archipelago, settling on each island like a swarm of locusts. The distastefulness of this story makes it difficult to swallow.
The Taino , an Arawak subgroup, were the first native peoples encountered by Christopher Columbus on Hispaniola. The island Arawak were virtually wiped out by Old World diseases to which they had no immunity. A small number of mainland Arawak survive in South America. Most more than 15, live in Guyana , where they represent about one-third of the Indian population. Smaller groups are found in Suriname , French Guiana , and Venezuela.
The Arawak are a group of indigenous peoples of South America and of the Caribbean. All these groups spoke related Arawakan languages. The term Arawak originally was applied by Europeans specifically to the South American group who self-identified as Arawak, Arhuaco or Lokono. Their Arawak language is the name of the overall Arawakan language family. The Spanish assumed some islanders used this term to distinguish their group from the neighboring Island Caribs.